Hello, openSNP Community! I’m a PhD student at Oxford, and together with my co-founders from the University of California, San Francisco, I am honored to work with uBiome, the world’s first citizen science effort to map the human microbiome.
The project is funded through crowdfunding at www.indiegogo.com/ubiome. Each gut kit is $69; gut and mouth kits are $139 for both (+$12 shipping outside the United States for each). We plan to send out the kits in May 2012 and return the results on our website once we get the kits back from everyone. Our kits are available in 196 countries. Data will be freely available to those who sign up, and available to the global research community on an “opt-in” basis. In the long run, we hope to integrate with 23andme and other types of genetic and metagenetic data.
So far, our project has garnered over $55,000 in crowdfunding from over 480 participants in less than a month. Participants from twenty different countries spanning four continents have pledged their support, including the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, as well as India, Singapore, and Uruguay. We’ve been featured so far in Wired, Venture Beat, the Los Angeles Times, Scientific American, BoingBoing, and syndicated in 160 newspapers around the world through the Associate Press.
What is the microbiome, you ask?
The microbiome are the bacteria that live on and within us. It sounds kind of funny, but all of us are actually covered in helpful germs (or co-evolved symbionts if you prefer).
Like the rainforest, the healthy human microbiome is a balanced ecosystem. The correct balance of microbes serves to keep potential pathogens in check and regulate the immune system. Microbes also perform essential functions such as digesting food and synthesizing vitamins. Some research also suggests that microbial activity influences mammalian mood and behavior. Studies have linked microbiome imbalance to autism, depression, and anxiety, as well as many gut disorders, eczema, and chronic sinusitis. Infant health even appears to benefit from a proper seeding of microbes at birth, with health consequences ranging into adolescence. For some future-thinking commentary on the microbiome, check out this interesting editorial in Science by Leroy Hood.
uBiome brings this cutting edge technology directly to consumers for the first time through citizen science.
We provide participants with a catalogue of their own microbes, detailing the microbial composition of the body and explaining what is known about each genera of microbe. In addition, uBiome compares participants’ microbiomes with scientific studies on the role of the microbiome in health, diet and lifestyle. uBiome also provides personal analysis tools and data viewers so that users can anonymously compare their own data with crowd data as well as with the latest scientific research.
From a small sample on a cotton swab, your uBiome test helps you to learn more about your body, including:
- Diet: Certain gut enterotypes are strongly associated with long-term diets, particularly protein and animal fat (Bacteroides) versus carbohydrates (Prevotella). Maybe you are not sticking to your diet as much as you think.
- Diabetes: Does your gut microflora correlate with people who have diabetes? If you have other symptoms as well, you might want to talk with your doctor.
- Sinusitis: Is your nasal microbiome associated with the profile of chronic sinusitis? Some studies have found that multiple, phylogenetically distinct lactic acid bacteria were depleted concomitant with an increase in the relative abundance of a single species, Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum.
- Alcohol consumption: Do you drink a lot of alcohol? If your gut profile clusters with heavy drinkers, you might want to consider cutting back on the booze.
- Bowel conditions: Do you have Irritable Bowel Disorder (or any other bowel condition)? You may want to purchase our specially designed kit and survey for bowel disorders.
Please join us and help us spread the word about this project. The more people that contribute, the more we can all learn about our health, and contribute to the advance of SCIENCE!
Talking20 is a simple blood test that can be ordered online and received in the mail. It’s quick and easy! Results are delivered online in secure profile, and can even be viewed from a smartphone. We are ready to gather data and design experiments that will help us help you learn more about what’s going on inside your body!
Get involved with the Talking20 project by ordering a basic kit and sending it in. Tracking your biological data will help you view changes taking place inside your body, and it will help us design new tests that are useful to everyone. Want to know what eating a burger does to your cholesterol? Interested in tracking stress reduction over the course of a month-long yoga course? We are and we need your help. Your body is talking to you, let’s find out what it’s saying!
This is how Talking20 is measuring your metabolites:
Talking20 is taking proven technologies: (1) dried blood spot collection (done for every newborn in developed countries) and (2) mass spectrometry (used in labs everywhere), and innovatively bringing them together. We believe that actionable information about our bodies are available by looking at our proteins and metabolites. That’s where we need to be looking. Danny Hillis of Applied Minds does a amazing job of explaining this concept in his talk at TEDMED.
Mass spectrometry is a very sensitive method for counting molecules from blood, and is actually used as the ‘gold standard’ to set up hospital tests. With a bit of extra work, mass spec can also be used to measure every other molecule too. Without visiting a lab or even leaving your home, you can now just put a few drops of your blood on a card and mail it to us at room temperature from anywhere in the world! We can then do the analysis and tell you your results wherever you are!
Talking20’s commitment is to make this testing as economical as possible, so you can do it whenever you want. Heather has personally tracked her hormones and cholesterol every few days to learn more about her own life events and diet. Talking20 is also on the verge of completing a cortisol test so we can start watching stress levels in response to different types of exercise!
At Talking20, we want to make many different tests available, so you can start finding out about what is happening inside you. We are offering five of these ‘biomarkers’, to measure your cholesterol, vitamin D, estradiol (estrogen), progesterone, and testosterone. This would normally require you go into the doctor, then into a lab to get a blood draw, and then back to the doctor, and would likely cost $300-500! We believe we can do better!
If you want to support them you should visit their Indiegogo page.